Mobility and Climate Concept

Illustrierte Bildcollage mehrer Personen mit verschiedener Fortbewegungsmitteln wie Bus und Bahn, Fahrrad, E-Auto oder E-Scooter un zu Fuß vor der Kulisse einer grünen Stadtmitte auf dem Weg zum Einkaufen oder zur Arbeit.

In order to achieve the climate goals, much has to change. The transport sector in particular needs to undergo a transformation. The Mobility and Climate Concept of the State of Baden-Württemberg proposes concrete measures in this regard. This Concept is currently in development. The process is accompanied by participatory formats for citizens and stakeholders.

The climate change situation is serious. In the transport sector, the climate protection targets have not yet been achieved. On the contrary: carbon dioxide emissions have remained virtually unchanged in decades. To mitigate the consequences of climate change, much greater efforts are needed, and faster. The State’s target is to reduce transport-related CO2 emissions by 55 percent by 2030 compared with 1990 levels, and climate neutrality by 2040.

To achieve this target by 2030, more cars need to be powered by renewable energy and more freight must be transported by climate neutral means. In addition, the use of public transport must be doubled, car traffic in municipalities must decrease and more trips must be done walking or by bike.

The transformation of the transport sector is a challenge. The Ministry of Transport is therefore supporting society, the municipalities and companies in the region. In this context, it is important to set out clearly who is responsible for implementing which climate protection measures. The Mobility and Climate Concept defines these responsibilities and the financial aspects and also sets out the timeline.

Objectives of the Mobility and Climate Concept

The purpose of the Mobility and Climate Concept is to define measures to comply with the climate protection targets.

What the Concept intends to achieve:

  • Implementation of the measures at State level and in the municipalities.
  • Assurance of mobility for all, regardless of income, disabilities, age, background or gender, through the design of suitable measures.
  • Compliance with the different mobility requirements in urban and rural areas.
  • Provision of diverse and climate-friendly mobility options for the public and companies.
  • Guarantee of an economically efficient use of public and private funds.

Areas of activity of the Mobility and Climate Concept

The Key Issues Paper of the Mobility and Climate Concept, which was adopted by the Council of Ministers in Stuttgart on 8 November 2022, represents an important milestone.

This sets out the most important measures for the transport sector to effectively implement the requirements of the Baden-Württemberg Climate Protection Act (BW CPA). The coalition agreement for Baden-Württemberg gave the mandate to develop this concept. The measures only represent a selection. The State’s Public Transport Strategy, for instance, already comprises 135 measures.

The Key Issues Paper (PDF) outlines six main areas of activity in line with the five transport sector transformation goals for Baden-Württemberg:

Involvement of the public

Citizens and stakeholders in Baden-Württemberg were invited to participate in the process. They were able to incorporate new suggestions and insights into the Concept to improve its quality, acceptance and implementation. Randomly selected citizens discussed the Concept in a ‘mobility council’. All citizens of Baden-Württemberg were given the opportunity to have their say online on the State’s participation portal. Associations were also invited to contribute their ideas and recommendations.

Graphic of the targets for the transformation of the transport sector by 2030 by the ministry of transport. Double the use of  public transport. One in two cars is powered by renewable energy. Half of all freight is transported by climate-neutral means. One in two trips is done walking or by bike. One fifth less car traffic in cities and rural areas.

Further operationalisation of the Ministry: Our targets for the transformation of the transport sector